11. mag, 2020

Allegato 2

ALLEGATO 2

Abstract dal “The Guardian” del 14 Aprile 2020

Tom McCarthy

Tue 14 Apr 2020 08.00 BST

“What a problem. Came out of nowhere.”

That’s how Donald Trump described the coronavirus pandemic in early March, during a televised visit to the Centers for Disease

Control and Prevention.

For weeks he had been giving Americans the same advice: “We have it totally under control”; “USA in great shape!”; and, of course,

“Fake news”.

But privately, Trump was being warned of a “full-blown Covid-19 pandemic” and “1-2 million” American deaths, according to internal emails, memorandums and other recently unearthed evidence documenting internal deliberations.

It turns out that Trump was personally warned, repeatedly, about the growing crisis beginning in mid-January. But he continued to give false assurances to the American public.

Here’s a timeline of the main notifications Trump received and the disinformation he was simultaneously spreading.

8 January

CDC issues alert

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issues an alert advising that it “is closely monitoring a reported cluster of

pneumonia of unknown etiology (PUE) with possible epidemiologic links to a large wholesale fish and live animal market in Wuhan

City, Hubei Province, China”.

18 January

Trump receives briefing

The health secretary, Alex Azar, calls Trump at his Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida and briefs him on the coronavirus threat, but “Trump spent much of the conversation wanting to talk about vaping” the AP reported

21 January

First confirmed US case

A man in his 30s who had travelled to China is hospitalized in Everett, Washington, near Seattle. He tests positive for Covid–19.

22 January

Trump: ‘We have it totally under control’

While attending the Davos conference in Switzerland, Trump makes his first public comment about coronavirus. “We have it totally

under control,” he tells the US cable channel CNBC. “It’s one person coming in from China, and we have it under control. It’s going to be just fine.”

27 January

White House aide raises alarm

Joe Grogan, the head of the White House domestic policy council, tells the acting chief of staff, Mick Mulvaney, and others in a meeting that the fight against coronavirus would dominate public life for months and “the administration needed to take the virus seriously or it could cost the president his re-election”, according to a Washington Post report.

29 January

Aide warns of ‘full-blown Covid-19 pandemic’

Economic adviser Peter Navarro warns the national security council in a memo that coronavirus could kill half a million Americans and deliver a $5.7tn hit to the economy, Axios reports.

30 January

Azar warns Trump again

As the World Health Organization declares a global health emergency, Azar, the health secretary, again warns Trump about the looming threat. Taking Azar’s call aboard Air Force One en route to a campaign rally, Trump dismisses him as “alarmist”, the New York Times reported.

Trump: ‘Only 5 people in US’

31 January

US declares ‘public health emergency’

Azar declares a public health emergency. Trump announces a ban on entry to the US for foreign nationals who had recently visited

China.

January and February

Intelligence warnings

US intelligence agencies file classified reports warning about global destabilization from a coronavirus pandemic, according to a

Washington Post report.

5 February

‘They aren’t taking this seriously’

After a coronavirus briefing with White House officials, senators express concern that the administration is downplaying the threat. “No request for ANY emergency funding,” notes Democrat Chris Murphy of Connecticut.

19 February

 ‘When we get into April…’

Addressing a group of governors, Trump predicts the virus will disappear. “I think it’s going to work out fine. I think when we get into

April, in the warmer weather, that has a very negative effect on that and that type of a virus.”

21 February

Taskforce concludes social distancing needed

Following a mock exercise modelling pandemic response, the White House coronavirus taskforce concludes that aggressive social

distancing would be necessary, according to a New York Times report.

US intelligence agencies file classified reports warning about global destabilization from a coronavirus pandemic, according to a

23 February

Aide warns of ‘full-blown pandemic’

“There is an increasing probability of a full-blown Covid-19 pandemic that could infect as many as 100 million Americans, with a loss of life of as many as 1-2 million souls,” Navarro, the economics adviser, writes in a memo obtained by Axios.

24 February

Trump: ‘Very much under control’

25 February

‘I have not heard anything other’

In a CDC telebriefing, Nancy Messonnier the director of the Center for the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases,

says: “Ultimately, we expect we will see community spread in this country” and “disruption to everyday life may be severe. But these

are things that people need to start thinking about now.”

At a news conference in New Delhi, Trump says: “You may ask about the coronavirus, which is very well under control in our country.

We have very few people with it, and the people that have it are – in all cases, I have not heard anything other.”

On the way back from India, Trump reportedly called Azar and complained that Messonnier was scaring the stock market.

Larry Kudlow, the director of the national economics council, is asked about Messonnier’s comments on CNBC. “We have contained this,” he says. “I won’t say airtight, but it’s pretty close to airtight.”

26 February

‘Fake News’

“The infection seems to have gone down over the last two days,” Trump says at a White House news conference. “We’re going to be

pretty soon at only five people. And we could be at just one or two people over the next short period of time.”

27 February

‘It will disappear’

“It’s going to disappear,” Trump says in a White House briefing. “One day it’s like a miracle, it will disappear.”

29 February

First confirmed US death

The US marks its first confirmed coronavirus death, a man in his 50s near Seattle. Almost six weeks after the first case of coronavirus was confirmed, the Food and Drug Administration allows laboratories and hospitals to conduct their own Covid-19 tests to speed up the process.

5 March

Trump: ‘Highest rating ever’

6 March

Trump visits the CDC laboratories and calls the pandemic “an unforeseen problem”. “What a problem,” he says. “Came out of nowhere.” The stock market begins to plunge in earnest, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average shedding more than 20% in next two weeks.

9 March

Flu comparison

9 March

‘4m tests by the end of the week’

Former Trump homeland security adviser Tom Bossert publishes an op-ed: “It’s now or never for the US if it hopes to keep coronavirus

from burning out of control.” In an evening news conference, White House officials say the United States will have tested 1 million people that week and thereafter perform 4m tests per week. “We’ve been moving progressively to bring that test closer and closer and closer to the patient,” Azar says.

The number was false by multiple orders of magnitude. Through 12 March, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had completed 4,000 tests – not 4m.

10 March

When people need a test, they can get a test’

“When people need a test, they can get a test,” Trump says at a White House briefing. “When the professionals need a test, when they need tests for people, they can get the test. It’s gone really well.”

12 March

A ‘million tests out now’

Dr Anthony Fauci tells Congress that the United States does not have sufficient testing. “The system is not really geared to what we

need right now,” he says. “That is a failing. Let’s admit it.” But Trump says at a White House briefing there are a “million tests out now” and “if you go to the right agency, if you go to the right area, you get the test”.

13 March

‘I don’t take responsibility at all’

Trump declares a national emergency over coronavirus. Trump announces a supposed Google site under development to help people

across the country find testing, but it is a sham. “We’ve been in discussions with pharmacies and retailers to make drive-through tests available in the critical locations identified by public health professionals,” Trump adds, but a month later only a handful had materialized.

Says Trump: “I don’t take responsibility at all.”